Real Estate Law Explained

What is Title Search in Real Estate Law?

What is Title Search?

When it comes to real estate transactions in Canada, a title search is a crucial part of the due diligence process. A title search involves examining public records to gather information about the history and current status of a particular property. As a real estate lawyer, performing a title search is an integral part of your work.

The Purpose of a Title Search

A title search serves multiple purposes, all of which contribute to the overall goal of ensuring a smooth and secure real estate transaction. Firstly, it allows you to confirm the current legal owner of the property. By doing so, you can ensure that the seller has the legal right to sell the property.

Furthermore, a title search helps uncover any outstanding liens or encumbrances attached to the property. This is important as it enables you to identify any financial obligations or claims against the property that may affect the buyer’s ownership rights.

Moreover, conducting a title search enables you to verify the accuracy of the property’s legal description and survey. This is crucial for ensuring that the boundaries and dimensions of the property are correctly represented, preventing any potential boundary disputes in the future.

The Process of Conducting a Title Search

The first step in conducting a title search involves visiting the appropriate land registry office. The land registry office is responsible for maintaining and updating land records for a specific jurisdiction. In Canada, each province has its own land registry system, so it is essential to visit the office specific to the province in which the property is located.

Once at the land registry office, the title search process begins by accessing the property’s parcel register. This register contains a wealth of information about the property, including the legal description, current owner’s name, and any registered liens or encumbrances.

It is important to review all relevant documents related to the property, such as the transfer deed, mortgage documents, and any registered easements or rights of way. These documents provide valuable insights into the property’s history and potential issues that may affect the transaction.

Key Considerations for a Real Estate Lawyer

As a real estate lawyer, there are several key considerations to keep in mind when conducting a title search:

  1. Thoroughness: It is crucial to conduct a comprehensive search to uncover any potential issues that may affect the client’s rights or the transaction.
  2. Timing: Conduct the title search as early as possible to allow sufficient time for resolving any identified issues before the closing date.
  3. Expertise: Stay updated with the specific laws and regulations related to title searches in the province where you practice to ensure accurate and effective searches.


Performing a title search is an essential part of a real estate lawyer’s work in Canada. By examining public records, a title search provides accurate information about a property’s legal owner, any outstanding liens or encumbrances, and verifies the accuracy of the property’s legal description. This thorough process helps ensure a smooth and secure real estate transaction, protecting the rights of both the buyer and seller.


For more information, please check:

  1. Canada Mortgage and Housing Corporation (CMHC)

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